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Publication Detail
Optical response from terahertz to visible light of electronuclear transitions in LiYF4:Ho3+
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Matmon G, Lynch S, Fisher A, Aeppli G, Rosenbaum TF
  • Publisher:
    The American Physical Socieety
  • Publication date:
    21/11/2016
  • Pagination:
    205132-1, 205132-16
  • Journal:
    Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
  • Volume:
    94
  • Issue:
    20
  • Article number:
    205132
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0163-1829
  • Keywords:
    Hyperfine interaction, Crystal field, THz, FTIR spectroscopy
Abstract
Because of its role as a model system with tunable quantum fluctuations and quenched disorder, and the desire for optical control and readout of its states, we have used high-resolution optical absorption spectroscopy to measure the crystal-field excitations for Ho3+ ions in LiHoxY1−xF4 from the terahertz to visible regimes. We show that many of the excitations yield very narrow lines visibly split even by the nuclear hyperfine interaction, making Ho3+ in LiHoxY1−xF4 a candidate host for optically addressable electronuclear qubits with quality factors as high as Q=4.7×105, where the higher-lying levels are electronic singlets. Optical transitions in the easily accessible near- and mid-infrared are narrow enough to allow readout of the ground-state electronuclear qubits responsible for the interesting magnetism of LiHoxY1−xF4. While many of the higher-lying states have been observed previously, we also report here detailed spectra of terahertz excitations. The strengths of the electric and magnetic dipole crystal-field transition lines of five of the lowest excited spin-orbit manifolds of dilute LiYF4:Ho3+ were calculated and compared with measurement. The magnitude of the nuclear hyperfine coupling was used to assign the correct upper and lower states to transition lines.
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