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Prof Bart Hoogenboom
B101
London Centre for Nanotechnology
17-19 Gordon Street
London
WC1H 0AH
Appointment
  • Professor of Biophysics
  • Dept of Physics & Astronomy
  • Faculty of Maths & Physical Sciences
Biography

Bart Hoogenboom graduated in physics at the University of Groningen, including a research project on C60 (“buckyballs”) under supervision of Profs Hao Tjeng and George Sawatzky.


Following an internship at the European Synchroton Radiation Facility in Grenoble, he did his PhD research on high-temperature superconductivity, mostly using scanning tunnelling microscopy and spectroscopy, in Prof. Øystein Fischer’s lab in Geneva. At the end of his PhD, he was awarded the Prix Walthard of the University of Geneva, for excellence in both academia and sports (middle-distance running).


He then moved to Basel for postdoctoral research with Profs Hans Hug and Andreas Engel, mostly focussing on instrument development. This resulted in some of the (at that time) highest resolution atomic force microscopy images of surfaces in aqueous solution, in particular obtaining atomic resolution on mica and resolving single ion channels (VDACs) and their assemblies in mitochondrial outer membranes. 


Intrigued by the wide variety and depth of problems in biology, he moved to UCL to set up his own biophysics lab in 2007.

Research Summary

I have a broad interest in the application of physical methods to understand biological phenomena at the scale of single molecules and molecular assemblies. Over the recent years, my research has increasingly focussed on molecular-scale mechanisms that are relevant for how pathogens (e.g., bugs, viruses) interact with their hosts (e.g., the human body).


While my lab uses a range of methods, mostly experimental but also theoretical/computational, our key expertise is in atomic force microscopy (AFM). Using an extremely sharp tip, AFM allows us to scan a surface just like a blind person's fingertip reading Braille, “touching” and “feeling” single molecules and/or atoms. Moreover, since the AFM can be operated in liquid, we can probe and image biomolecules under conditions that are very near to those in a living cell. It therefore enables us to visualise biomolecules at work.


Research topics in my lab include bacterial toxins and immune effectors that operate by punching holes into target membranes; antimicrobial peptides that can degrade bacterial membranes via a range of different mechanisms; transport (e.g., of viruses) into and out of the cell nucleus via the nuclear pore complex; DNA (super)structure and how it affects gene regulation; and single-molecule interactions of relevance for the function of pharmaceutical drugs.


A common element in all our research projects is that we combine our expertise in biophysics and nanotechnology with complementary and often very inspiring input from collaborators in other disciplines (mostly life sciences).


Teaching Summary

Beside lab demonstrations, problem solving tutorials and research student supervision, I designed and lectured the MSci and graduate course Molecular Biophysics (2009/2010 – 2013/2014), and have lectured the first-year course Waves, Optics and Acoustics since 2014/2015.


Every summer, I lecture on the mechanics of molecules and biological structures at the European School On Nanosciences & Nanotechnologies (Grenoble, since 2012), and I regularly give introductory lectures and trainings on atomic force microscopy.


In 2016 and 2017, I was nominated for the Student Choice Teaching Award at UCL.

Appointments
01-JAN-2005 – 30-SEP-2007 Postdoc Structural Biology University of Basel, Switzerland
01-SEP-2002 – 31-DEC-2004 Postdoc Department of Physics University of Basel, Switzerland
Academic Background
2002 PhD Doctor of Philosophy – Condensed Matter Physics Universite de Genève
1997 MSc Master of Science – Condensed Matter Physics Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
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