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Dr Caroline Garaway
Room 123
14 Taviton Street
Department of Anthropology
  • Senior Lecturer
  • Dept of Anthropology
  • Faculty of S&HS

Caroline Garaway obtained her PhD investigating the management and impacts of community-led fisheries enhancement in Lao PDR in1999. As a Post Doc at Imperial College London and a social development consultant to MRAG ltd, her interest in the human ecology of living aquatic resource use and management led to her working in many parts of the world on DfID research projects (Lao PDR, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand , the Caribbean, and West Bengal) both as a Principal Investigator and a short term consultant.This work focused on understanding the human/environment interactions of many different systems including Inland Fisheries Enhancement Systems; Marine Protected Areas; Riverine Reserves and Irrigated Farmer-managed Aquatic Systems.With a strong interest in Action Orientated Research, an important feature of this work has been ensuring a wide range of counterparts are actively engaged in projects, from individual households within rural communities through to government staff.  Caroline has continued much of this work after joining UCL in 2004 and, most recently, has been conducting research on the importance of ricefield aquatic biodiversity to rural livelihoods in Lao PDR.

Research Summary

20 years research experience working both individually and within multidisciplinary teams. Research has focused on several key interests.        

  • Development of integrated frameworks for multidisciplinary analysis of natural resource management initiatives. As a social scientist frequently working with natural scientists, one of my key concerns has been to develop ways to frame inquiry in order that the different disciplines can be most usefully combined.
  •  Investigation of the impacts of common pool natural resource management initiatives,  on different stakeholder groups, particularly those who are traditionally most dependent on them. Investigation has been carried out in inland waterbodies in Thailand and Lao PDR using a variety of traditional household surveys and PRA/RRA techniques.        
  • Investigation of the factors that contribute to the successful supply of, and commitment to, institutions for improved resource management with a particular focus on the factors that encourage/constrain local user community involvement in management. Such institutional research has been conducted in several studies in Lao PDR (inland fisheries enhancement initiatives, irrigation schemes), in Thailand (inland fisheries enhancement initiatives) and in Indonesia (riverine harvest reserves).        
  • Investigation into the relative merits of different data collection techniques, in particular comparative evaluations  of  results from traditional survey techniques against those from newer ‘participatory’ methods.        
  • Investigation of the importance of aquatic biodiversity in rice field habitats
  •  Conservation. Development/tourism trade-offs in MPA’s

Teaching Summary

Fellow Higher Education Academy
2011 Provost Teaching Award for Teaching Excellence 


Designed and deliver

  • 1st year Human Ecology course and
  • 1st year biological Anthropology Lab course
  • 2nd/3rd year specialist course in Anthropology, Fisheries and Development


  • Convenor on Anthropological Methods course and delivered lectures on PRA, Questionnaires and Sampling
  • Resource Use Impacts core course – delivered lectures on fisheries and fish population Dynamics
  • Postgraduate Statistics
  • Ecology of Human Groups – seminar course on the ecology of fisher groups

PhD Supervision  


Marie Anniq Moreau (2nd supervisor) The Role of Aquatic Resources in Rural Livelihoods on Tanzania's Rufiji River Floodplain 

Helen Cross (co-supervisor) Small-Scale Coastal Marine Fishing (SSCMF)- A case study from the island of Uno in the Bijagos Archipelago, Guinea Bissau

Previously completed

Christine. Carter (1st supervisor) 2011 Tourism, Conservation and Development around a MPA in Kenya (ESRC Studentship)

Tom Roberts (2nd supervisor) 2008 An analysis of partnership approaches to achieve strategic marine conservation objectives and of the perspectives of different actors on such approaches: (ESRC CASE studentship) 

Rebecca Drury (2nd supervisor)  2009 Identifying and understanding consumers of wild animal products in Hanoi, Vietnam: implications for conservation management.

PhD examiner

Sept 2010 Mrs Wanfei Qiu : Thesis Title: Governing marine protected areas in China: the roles of visible and invisible hands

01-JAN-2004 Lecturer Anthropology UCL, United Kingdom
Academic Background
2018 SFHEA ATQ04 - Recognised by the HEA as a Senior Fellow – Teaching and Learning in Higher Education University College London
2010 CLTHE_1 Certificate in Learning and Teaching in HE Part 1 – Education - Postgraduate University College London
2010 FHEA ATQ03 - Recognised by the HEA as a Fellow – Teaching and Learning in Higher Education Higher Education Academy
1999 PhD Doctor of Philosophy – Environmental Management Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
1994 MSc Master of Science – Environmental Management Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
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