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Dr Paulo Anciaes
Appointment
  • Research Associate
  • Dept of Civil, Environ &Geomatic Eng
  • Faculty of Engineering Science
Biography
    Paulo is a Research Associate at the UCL Centre for Transport Studies. He joined UCL in 2013 after obtaining his PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Prior to moving to London, he lived in Japan, where he worked at the Institute for Transport Policy Studies in Tokyo and studied at Tohoku University in Sendai, and in Portugal, where he worked at several universities in Lisbon. He has qualifications in Environmental Economics and Geographic Information Systems and has participated in research projects in the UK, Japan, Portugal, Armenia, and Cabo Verde.

    Paulo blogs about community severance and alternative environmentalism and contributes to the LSE Review of Books and the UCL Street mobility blog

    Recent publications

    • Anciaes, P. R., Nascimento, J., Silva, S. (2017) The distribution of neighbourhood walkability in an African city: Praia, Cabo Verde. Cities 67, 9-20. Link
    • Anciaes, P. R., Metcalfe, P J; Heywood, C. (2017) Social impacts of road traffic: perceptions and priorities of local residents. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 35 (2), 172-183. Link
    • Mindell, J S., Anciaes, P R., Dhanani, A., Stockton, J., Jones, P., Haklay, M., Groce, M., Scholes, S., Vaughan., L. (2017) Using triangulation to assess a suite of tools to measure community severance. Journal of Transport Geography 60, 119-129. Link (open access)
    • Anciaes, P. R., Jones, P. (2016) The effectiveness of changes in street layout and design for reducing barriers to walking. Transportation Research Record 2586, 39-47. Link

    • Anciaes, P. R., Boniface, S., Dhanani, A., Mindell, J.S., Groce, N. (2016) Urban transport and community severance: linking research and policy to link people and places. Journal of Transport and Health 3(3), 268–277. Link (open access)

    • Anciaes, P. R., Jones, P. M., Mindell, J. (2016) Community severance: where is it found and at what cost? Transport Reviews 36(3), 293-317. Link (open access)
    • Anciaes, P. R. (2016) Population decline and accessibility in the Portuguese countryside. In K. T. Geurs, R. Patuelli, T. Dentinho (Eds.), Accessibility, Equity and Efficiency: Challenges for Transport and Public Services, pp.33-54. Link
    Research Groups
    Research Themes
    Research Summary

    I am interested in the social aspects of urban transport, especially the distribution of benefits and costs of transport policies among different age and socio-economic groups and among users of different modes of transport. My main fields of expertise are transport geography and environmental economics but most of the projects I have participated in were multidisciplinary, involving colleagues from a variety of fields such as civil engineering, urban planning, public health, sociology, anthropology, and digital art.


    My doctoral project looked at equity issues in transport planning in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The study found that older people and low-income groups in Lisbon tend to be at a multiple disadvantage as they have poor transport access to jobs and urban facilities and at the same time are more exposed to the environmental effects of transport such as road and railway noise. The thesis also contributed to the literature by incorporating issues of pedestrian mobility in the study of equity in transport planning. Walking is a means of transport to access jobs and facilities, but pedestrians are also the group more exposed to the negative impacts of transport, such as noise and the “barrier effect” caused by large transport infrastructure.


    The side of Lisbon tourists don't see


    Since 2014, I have been working at UCL in the community severance project, which is looking at this "barrier effect" in more detail. Do people living near busy roads walk less than others? What is the effect on their levels of physical activity, access to key urban facilities, and social networks? How can we measure the economic cost of these effects? These questions are especially relevant in the case of older people, for whom walking is often a vital component of their health and wellbeing. We are studying the issue under the lens of transport planning, public health, urban planning, anthropology, and participatory mapping, and developing tools that incorporate the results of our research and that can be used by local authorities or community groups.


    Separated by the road


    I am also interested in urban mobility issues in developing countries, and particularly in the challenges created by increased motorization in cities with rapid population growth and income inequality. In 2013, I worked with colleagues in the University of Cabo Verde to create maps of indicators of public transport accessibility and walking conditions in the capital city of Cabo Verde islands.


    Brand new roads, same old problems for pedestrians in African cities


    More broadly, I am interested in the measurement of benefits and costs of transport policies, using either quantitative indicators (for example, accessibility measures) or methods to estimate their value in monetary units (for example, stated preference surveys to monetize the cost of roadside noise).

    Appointments
    19-NOV-2013 Research Associate CEGE University College London, United Kingdom
    Academic Background
      BSc Bachelor of Science – Economics University of Coimbra
      MSc Master of Science – Environmental Economics Tohoku University
      P.Grad Dip Postgraduate Diploma – Geographical Information Systems Universidade Nova de Lisboa
      PhD Doctor of Philosophy – Geography London School of Economics and Political Science
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