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Environmental, demographic and socioeconomic outcomes of savanna land use policy (EU)
These linked programmes used the Serengeti National Park/ Mara Reserve and surrounding buffer zones as a natural experiment. Some 100 000 km2 of ecologically and ethnically continuous rangelands have been carved into blocks where different conservation and/or development policies have applied over decades. The area is also cut in two by the Kenya /Tanzania border, so each policy category is duplicated under different political and economic conditions on the two sides of the border. We used remotely sensed data on habitat change; long term repeated aerial census datasets on wildlife and livestock numbers and distribution, and national demographic censuses to look at broad outcomes for environment, biodiversity, socioeconomic and demographic indicators, of three decades of different policies. A second stage identified hotspots of rapid change for more intensive study on a finer scale. The findings contributed to cross border conservation and land use policy and practice in Kenya and Tanzania.
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