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Essential Diversions: Urine Diversion Toilets in Durban, South Africa
Funded by a UCL Global Health Small Grant. Since 2003 eThekwini Municipality has installed more than 90 000 Urine Diversion (UD) toilets as part of a strategy to improve sanitation provision in peri-urban and rural areas. This is one of the largest programmes of delivering UD toilets in the world. Given the stress on the world’s water resources, there is considerable potential that in future this dry sanitation technology will be transferred to other African municipalities, other developing countries, and potential developed countries. A workshop was convened with staff from UCL (Barbara Penner, Bartlett School of Architecture; and Sarah Bell, Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering), the Civil Society Organization Umphilo waManzi (Mary Galvin), University of KwaZulu-Natal, eThekwini Water and Sanitation’s (EWS), and other local bodies to learn from the eThekwini experience with the aim of informing future engagements with sanitation issues. The workshop ran over two days, with a day of site visits and one of presentations and discussion. It has since fed back into Barbara Penner's teaching and research (notably "Flush with Inequality" in Places.)
2 Researchers
  • Bartlett School Env, Energy & Resources
  • The Bartlett School of Architecture
1 External Collaborators
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Status: Complete
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