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Xiyuan Entertainment Complex
Xiyuan Entertainment Complex, winning competition proposal and RIBA stage D design (1:500) for a 180.000m2 entertainment complex in front of the Summer Palace (Unesco world heritage site) in Beijing PR China (Design team: marcosandmarjan with Jia Lu - in competition phase with Jia Lu and Steve Pike; collaboration: Nat Keast, James Pike, Shaun Siu Chong, Sirichai Bunchua; Renderings: Mark Exon, Kenny Tsui; Model: Keith Watson, Sirichai Bunchua, Andy Shaw). The Xiyuan Entertainment Complex, Beijing China is a winning design proposal selected from an invited competition for a 180,000m2 entertainment complex located in front of the Yiheyuan Royal Summer Palace, Beijing, one of China’s most important cultural sites. Questions: how can innovative CAD/CAM design and manufacturing techniques be used to generate a new contemporary architectural identity in China? Aims/objectives: the project provides new design solutions in terms of: (1) Technology (CAD/CAM applied to structure and skin). (2) Typology (giving full attention to social and aesthetic concepts grounded in significant Chinese architecture). (3) Architectural language (tradition and innovation). Contexts: The project’s proximity to a world heritage site and its consequent height restrictions triggered an inherently contextual and low-density proposal, as opposed to the pervasive western-style impositions of highdensity commercial infrastructures. Methods: the research involved four major stages to develop drawings, diagrams, and hand-made and CAD/CAM models: (1) The ‘Big Roof’ phenomenon: readdressing the traditional upturned tiled roof. (2) From mono-programmatic to multi-programmatic: the redefinition of the pre-established programme. (3) Subtle contextualization: the careful analysis of building masses, circulation flows and green areas. (4) Technological and cultural synthesis: the application of CAD/CAM technologies to primary steel structure, stone cladding and wood detailing. The project has been exhibited in numerous places (marcosandmarjan solo exhibitions Interfaces/Intrafaces at the Institute for Cultural Policy Hamburg and Architekturpavilion TU Braunschweig Germany 2005, at Feng Chia University Taichung Taiwan 2005, at the 237th Royal Academy General Summer Exhibition London 2005, at the Metaflux in São Paulo Brazil, Lisbon and Aveiro Portugal 2005 and at the Venice Biennale Italy 2004). A major article was published in Time+Architecture - Dialogue: Cross-cultural Exchanges in Architecture, Tongji University Press Shanghai (Issue 5 91 Sept. 2006) pp. 48-53. The project was published and/or reviewed in L'ARCA (issue 206 Sept. 2005) pp. 46-55 Italy, in Construir (22.10.04) p 27 Portugal, in Complessità e Sostenibilità. Il Territorio e l’Architettura (issue #1,March/April 2007) pp. 7-8 Italy, in East of Eros Architecture Annual 2005 pp. 82-3 London, in the RIBA Journal (issue 113/6 June 2005) p. 10 London, in Demonstrating Digital Architecture, 5th FEIDAD Far Eastern International Digital Architectural Design Award (2005) pp. 100-6 Basel-Boston-Berlin, in 2G Dossier 05. Portugal 2000-2005 25 edificios do século XXI (2005) p. 9 Spain, in Ponto Final (issue 817 June 2005) pp 10-1 Macau, and in Metaflux. Catalogue of the Portuguese Official Representation at the 9th Architecture Biennial Venice (2004) pp. 123-31, 211-2 Portugal. eprints.ucl.ac.uk/9759/1/9759.pdf
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