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Potential for mode transfer of short trips
The objective of this research project is to contribute to Government policy to encourage walking, cycling and the use of the bus instead of the car for short trips (less than 5 miles or 8 kilometres). The approach adopted in this research was to identify a number of short trips by car and then discuss with those making them, the alternatives which they might adopt. A two-stage survey procedure was adopted. The first stage involved collecting information on all trips made over a two-day period by 1117 households in five areas of the country (London, Leeds, Ipswich, Hereford and Dorset). The second stage involved detailed discussions about alternatives for the short car trips made during the two days by 377 of those who made short car trips. The surveys were carried out by Steer Davies Gleave in the second half of 1998. The 377 in-depth interviews about short trips by car have been analysed to establish why the car was used, what alternatives were perceived and what would induce a change to the alternatives. Alternatives to the car were identified for nearly 80% of short car trips, with business and work trips the least likely to transfer, and taking children to school the most likely. Of all the short trips by car, about 31% could transfer to walk, 31% could go by bus and 7% could be cycled. The single policy intervention that would do most to attract people out of their cars is to improve bus services which could attract up to 21% of car drivers, particularly increasing route coverage and frequency. There is little in the nature of specific policy intervention that could encourage more walking or cycling, so it would require personal initiative. Hence there is a need to make car drivers more aware of the benefits of walking and cycling. The main findings of this work are available in two main reports: one reviewing existing data and the literature in this field, and the other describing the results of the surveys. These can be accessed via the links below. The executive summaries of these two reports can be obtained separately, since the reports are rather long. (The executive summaries are included in the full reports). A brief factsheet containing the main findings from the surveys has been produced. A paper presented at the European Transport Conference (ETC) held in Cambridge in September 2000 can also be accessed. The files are all portable document (pdf) files that can be read using Adobe Acrobat software. This can be obtained free from Adobe This work was carried out between May 1998 and July 2000. The work was produced at the Centre for Transport Studies at University College London under a contract placed by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Any views expressed in the reports are not necessarily those of the Department.
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