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Publication Detail
Action and valence modulate choice and choice-induced preference change.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Koster R, Duzel E, Dolan RJ
  • Publication date:
    2015
  • Journal:
    PLoS One
  • Volume:
    10
  • Issue:
    3
  • Article number:
    e0119682
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
    PONE-D-14-26883
  • Language:
    English
  • Notes:
    © 2015 Koster et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
Abstract
Choices are not only communicated via explicit actions but also passively through inaction. In this study we investigated how active or passive choice impacts upon the choice process itself as well as a preference change induced by choice. Subjects were tasked to select a preference for unfamiliar photographs by action or inaction, before and after they gave valuation ratings for all photographs. We replicate a finding that valuation increases for chosen items and decreases for unchosen items compared to a control condition in which the choice was made post re-evaluation. Whether choice was expressed actively or passively affected the dynamics of revaluation differently for positive and negatively valenced items. Additionally, the choice itself was biased towards action such that subjects tended to choose a photograph obtained by action more often than a photographed obtained through inaction. These results highlight intrinsic biases consistent with a tight coupling of action and reward and add to an emerging understanding of how the mode of action itself, and not just an associated outcome, modulates the decision making process.
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