Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Study of Optimal Perimetric Testing In Children (OPTIC): Normative visual field values in children
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Patel DE, Cumberland PM, Walters BC, Russell-Eggitt I, Cortina-Borja M, Rahi JS
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    1711, 1717
  • Journal:
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Addresses:
    Life Course Epidemiology and Biostatistics Section, UCL Institute of Child Health

    Ulverscroft Vision Research Group

    Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust

    Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust

    UCL Institute of Ophthalmology

    Clinical Epidemiology, Nutrition and Biostatistics Section, UCL Institute of Child Health
Purpose: We sought to define normative visual field (VF) values for children using common clinical test protocols for kinetic and static perimetry. Design: Prospective, observational study. Subjects: We recruited 154 children aged 5 to 15 years without any ophthalmic condition that would affect the VF (controls) from pediatric clinics at Moorfields Eye Hospital. Methods: Children performed perimetric assessments in a randomized order using Goldmann and Octopus kinetic perimetry, and Humphrey static perimetry (Swedish Interactive Thresholding Algorithm [SITA] 24-2 FAST), in a single sitting, using standardized clinical protocols, with assessment by a single examiner. Unreliable results (assessed qualitatively) were excluded from the normative data analysis. Linear, piecewise, and quantile mixed-effects regression models were used. We developed a method to display age-specific normative isopters graphically on a VF plot to aid interpretation. Main Outcome Measures: Summary measures and graphical plots describing normative VF data for 3 common perimetric tests. Results: Visual field area increased with age on testing with Goldmann isopters III4e, I4e, and I2e (linear regression; P < 0.001) and for Octopus isopters III4e and I4e (linear regression; P < 0.005). Visual field development occurs predominately in the infero-temporal field. Humphrey mean deviation (MD) showed an increase of 0.3 decibels (dB; 95% CI, 0.21-0.40) MD per year up to 12 years of age, when adult MD values were reached and thereafter maintained. Conclusions: Visual field size and sensitivity increase with age in patterns that are specific to the perimetric approach used. These developmental changes should be accounted for when interpreting perimetric test results in children, particularly when monitoring change over time.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers Show More
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
Population, Policy & Practice Dept
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by