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Publication Detail
Distributed joint source-channel coding with raptor codes for correlated data gathering in wireless sensor networks
  • Publication Type:
  • Authors:
    Deligiannis N, Zimos E, Ofrim DM, Andreopoulos Y, Munteanu A
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    279, 285
  • Published proceedings:
    BODYNETS 2014 - 9th International Conference on Body Area Networks
  • ISBN-13:
  • Status:
Correlated data gathering in body area networks calls for systems that perform efficient compression and reliable transmission of the measurements, while imposing a small computational burden at the sensors. Highly-efficient compression mechanisms, e.g., adaptive arithmetic entropy encoding, do not address the problem adequately, as they have high computational demands. In this paper, we propose a new distributed joint source-channel coding (DJSCC) solution for this problem. Following the principles of distributed source coding, our design allows for efficient compression and error-resilient transmission while exploiting the correlation amongst sensors' readings at energy-robust sink nodes. In this way, the computational complexity and in turn, the energy consumption at the sensor node is kept to a minimum. Our DJSCC design is based on a new non-systematic Slepian-Wolf Raptor code construction that achieves good performance at short code lengths, which are appropriate for low-rate data gathering within local or body area sensor networks. Experimental results using a WSN deployment for temperature monitoring reveal that, for lossless compression, the proposed system leads to a 30.08% rate reduction against a baseline system that performs adaptive arithmetic entropy encoding of the temperature readings. Moreover, under AWGN and Rayleigh fading channel losses, the proposed system leads to energy savings between 12.19% to 16.51% with respect to the baseline system.
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