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Publication Detail
Paleodemography of the hypodigm of human fossil remains from the TD6 level of Gran Dolina (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos): Preliminary study
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Bermúdez De Castro JM, Carbonell E, Gómez A, Mateos A, Martinón-Torres M, Muela A, Rodríguez J, Sarmiento S, Varela S
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    145, 154
  • Journal:
    Estudios Geologicos
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
The Aurora Stratum of the TD6 level of the Pleistocene site of Gran Dolina (Trinchera del Ferrocarril, Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) have yielded more than one hundred human fossil remains, of the species Homo antecessor and belonging to a minimum (MNI) of nine individuals. In this paper we made the MNI determination and the age at death of the individuals, using data observed in the mandibular, maxillary, and dental remains. The previous taphonomic analysis concluded that the origin of the hominin accumulation was due to a punctual or recurrent episode of «gastronomic» cannibalism. Our analysis revealed that most individuals (N = 7) are immature between three and thirteen, whereas two are young adults between fifteen and eighteen. Considering this peculiar mortality distribution, alternative hypotheses on the possible scenarios in which hominins were apprehended, as well as the implications for the human behaviour in the Pleistocene are discussed.
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