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Publication Detail
Observation modelling for vision-based target search by unmanned aerial vehicles
  • Publication Type:
    Conference
  • Authors:
    Teacy WTL, Julier SJ, De Nardi R, Rogers A, Jennings NR
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2015
  • Pagination:
    1607, 1614
  • Published proceedings:
    Proceedings of the International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems, AAMAS
  • Volume:
    3
  • ISBN-13:
    9781450337717
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    1548-8403
Abstract
Copyright © 2015, International Foundation for Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (www.ifaamas.org). All rights reserved. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are playing an increasing role in gathering information about objects on the ground. In particular, a key problem is to detect and classify objects from a sequence of camera images. However, existing systems typically adopt an idealised model of sensor observations, by assuming they are independent, and take the form of maximum likelihood predictions of an object's class. In contrast, real vision systems produce output that can be highly correlated and corrupted by noise. Therefore, traditional approaches can lead to inaccurate or overconfident results, which in turn lead to poor decisions about what to observe next to improve these predictions. To address these issues, we develop a Gaussian Process based observation model that characterises the correlation between classifier outputs as a function of UAV position. We then use this to fuse classifier observations from a sequence of images and to plan the UAV's movements. In both real and simulated target search scenarios, we show that this can achieve a decrease in mean squared detection error of up to 66% relative to existing state-of-the-art methods.
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