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Publication Detail
Living with an Active Volcano : Informal and Community Learning for Preparedness in South of Japan
  • Publication Type:
    Chapter
  • Authors:
    Kitagawa K
  • Publisher:
    Springer
  • Publication date:
    2016
  • Editors:
    Fearnley C
  • Book title:
    Volcano Crisis Communication
Abstract
In a disaster-prone country like Japan, learning how to live with disaster [kyozon] has been crucial. Particularly since the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami of 2011, disaster preparedness has been a primary concern of the government. Drawing on Paton?s (2008) Community Engagement Theory, which endorses an integrated model that combines risk management with community development, this study discusses the case of Sakurajima Volcano situated in the south of Japan, with a focus on how the lessons learnt from previous eruption experiences have informed present-day preparedness activities. The study adapts Community Engagement Theory?s quantitative framework to a qualitative analysis to consider the preparedness teaching and learning of a population living with the everyday threat of volcanic hazards in the case of SV. The study argues that two particular local lores ? ?do not rely on authorities? and ?be frightened effectively? ? have been the underlying principles in volcanic preparedness in the region. The study also argues that the notion of ?kyojo [collaborative partnerships]? has been central to the planning and implementation of preparedness programmes, such as the Sakurajima Taisho Eruption Centenary Project, which offered a wide range of informal teaching and learning opportunities. Applying the framework of Community Engagement Theory, the paper suggests that at the individual level, the principles of ?do not rely on authorities? and ?be frightened effectively? form the basis for positive ?outcome expectancy?. At the community level, ?kyojo? is the notion which encompasses both of the community factors ? ?community participation? and ?collective efficacy?. At the societal level, ?kyojo? contributes to the building of ?empowerment? and ?trust? between citizens and authorities. The paper concludes by proposing that the SV case can be considered as an example of ?the integrated model?.
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