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Publication Detail
Education for Service: Social Service and Higher Education in India and Britain, 1905-1919
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Brewis G
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    History of Education Review
  • Print ISSN:
  • Keywords:
    History of education, social service, voluntary organisations, India, higher education, students, empire, Society, Disciplines
This article discusses a vibrant social service culture in British and Indian higher education institutions 1905-1919. It explores the many reciprocal influences between India and Britain which lay behind the student social service movement. Developments in metropole and colony were so influenced by transnational movements of people and ideas that the common approaches and shared ideals which emerged cannot be fully understood by study of either setting in isolation. The paper draws on a rich vein of college magazines and social service league publications as well as the writings of a range of enthusiasts for social service. The rapid spread of social service ideas across India and Britain relied on the exchange of ideas through English-language magazines and journals and the outreach work of leading social servants who addressed numerous student groups and meetings.Developments in Indian and British student service were shaped by and shaped in turn a wider social movement in the early twentieth century. Indian and Western educationalists spread ideas about student social service through lectures, publications and international exchanges. Student social servants in both metropole and colony shared a set of core values which make up an ?ideal of service?. Students in both metropole and colony were enjoined to view their education as a period of preparation for greater service to the nation after graduation. Student service leagues were involved in reworking patriotic idiom to link social service with nation-building. The article builds on recent work on social service and education to develop knowledge and understanding of transnational networks of educationalists, particular movements of people and ideas between colonial India and metropolitan Britain. Taking social service in higher education as a case study, it argues for the need to study developments in both metropole and colony, in order to better understand reciprocal impacts.
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