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Publication Detail
Auditory temporal processing skills in musicians with dyslexia
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    JOUR
  • Authors:
    Bishop-Liebler P, Welch G, Huss M, Thomson JM, Goswami U
  • Publication date:
    08/2014
  • Pagination:
    261, 79
  • Journal:
    Dyslexia
  • Volume:
    20
  • Issue:
    3
  • Print ISSN:
    1076-9242
  • Notes:
    Copyright � 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Abstract
The core cognitive difficulty in developmental dyslexia involves phonological processing, but adults and children with dyslexia also have sensory impairments. Impairments in basic auditory processing show particular links with phonological impairments, and recent studies with dyslexic children across languages reveal a relationship between auditory temporal processing and sensitivity to rhythmic timing and speech rhythm. As rhythm is explicit in music, musical training might have a beneficial effect on the auditory perception of acoustic cues to rhythm in dyslexia. Here we took advantage of the presence of musicians with and without dyslexia in musical conservatoires, comparing their auditory temporal processing abilities with those of dyslexic non-musicians matched for cognitive ability. Musicians with dyslexia showed equivalent auditory sensitivity to musicians without dyslexia and also showed equivalent rhythm perception. The data support the view that extensive rhythmic experience initiated during childhood (here in the form of music training) can affect basic auditory processing skills which are found to be deficient in individuals with dyslexia. Copyright � 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
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