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Publication Detail
Scaled subordinators and generalizations of the Indian buffet process
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    James LF, Orbanz P, Teh YW
  • Publication date:
  • Keywords:
    math.PR, math.PR
We study random families of subsets of $\mathbb{N}$ that are similar to exchangeable random partitions, but do not require constituent sets to be disjoint: Each element of ${\mathbb{N}}$ may be contained in multiple subsets. One class of such objects, known as Indian buffet processes, has become a popular tool in machine learning. Based on an equivalence between Indian buffet and scale-invariant Poisson processes, we identify a random scaling variable whose role is similar to that played in exchangeable partition models by the total mass of a random measure. Analogous to the construction of exchangeable partitions from normalized subordinators, random families of sets can be constructed from randomly scaled subordinators. Coupling to a heavy-tailed scaling variable induces a power law on the number of sets containing the first $n$ elements. Several examples, with properties desirable in applications, are derived explicitly. A relationship to exchangeable partitions is made precise as a correspondence between scaled subordinators and Poisson-Kingman measures, generalizing a result of Arratia, Barbour and Tavare on scale-invariant processes.
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