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Publication Detail
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using a microfluidic impinging jet reactor
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Baber MR, Mazzei L, Nguyen T, Gavriilidis A
  • Publication date:
    10/07/2016
  • Pagination:
    268, 278
  • Journal:
    Journal of Flow Chemistry
  • Volume:
    6
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    2062-249X
  • Keywords:
    Mixing time, Impinging jets, Nanomaterials, Nanocrystallisation
  • Notes:
    Corresponding author: Asterios Gavriilidis.
Abstract
Synthesis of silver nanoparticles (NPs) in an impinging jet reactor (IJR) was investigated due to its unique properties of efficient mixing and lack of channel walls which avoid fouling. Silver NPs were formed at room temperature by reducing silver nitrate with sodium borohydride in the presence of sodium hydroxide. Two types of ligand were used to stabilize the NPs, trisodium citrate and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Weber number, the ratio between inertial forces and surface tension forces, is used to characterise flow in impinging jets. Flow regimes were investigated for Weber numbers in the range of 13-176. A liquid sheet/chain regime was identified at lower Weber numbers (< 90), and an unstable rim structure at higher Weber numbers (> 90). Mixing time was found to be in the range 1-7 ms, using the Villermaux-Dushmann reaction system and Interaction by Exchange with the Mean mixing (IEM) model. Fastest mixing occurred at Weber number ca. 90. Using trisodium citrate as a ligand, NP size decreased from 7.9±5.8 nm to 3.4±1.4 nm when flow rate was increased from 32 ml/min to 72 ml/min using 0.5 mm jets; and from 6.4±3.4 nm to 5.1±4.6 nm when flow rate was increased from 20 ml/min to 32 ml/min using 0.25 mm jets. Using PVA as a ligand, NP size decreased from 5.4±1.6 nm to 4.2±1.1 nm using 0.5 mm jets and stayed relatively constant between 4.3±1 nm to 4.7±1.3 nm using 0.25 mm jets. In general the size of the NPs decreased when mixing was faster.
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