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Publication Detail
Higher Education in Modern Europe
Abstract
The paper explores the history of higher education in Europe by considering three intersected dimensions: the global, national and local spaces or geography of higher education; the contours of the higher education system regarding access, participation and institutional differentiation; and the cultural, political, social, economic rationales driving its expansion. Four historical periods are considered: the emergence of the medieval universities and their spread in the feudal order; the demands posed to universities by nation-states and the enlightenment during the early modern period; the impact of the political and industrial revolutions and the crisis of mass higher education since 1918. Overall, articulation between the rationales, shapes and spaces of higher education has changed periodically across history.
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