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Publication Detail
A G1-like state allows HIV-1 to bypass SAMHD1 restriction in macrophages.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Mlcochova P, Sutherland KA, Watters SA, Bertoli C, de Bruin RA, Rehwinkel J, Neil SJ, Lenzi GM, Kim B, Khwaja A, Gage MC, Georgiou C, Chittka A, Yona S, Noursadeghi M, Towers GJ, Gupta RK
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    EMBO J
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    HIV, SAMHD1, cell cycle, histone deacetylase, macrophage
An unresolved question is how HIV-1 achieves efficient replication in terminally differentiated macrophages despite the restriction factor SAMHD1. We reveal inducible changes in expression of cell cycle-associated proteins including MCM2 and cyclins A, E, D1/D3 in macrophages, without evidence for DNA synthesis or mitosis. These changes are induced by activation of the Raf/MEK/ERK kinase cascade, culminating in upregulation of CDK1 with subsequent SAMHD1 T592 phosphorylation and deactivation of its antiviral activity. HIV infection is limited to these G1-like phase macrophages at the single-cell level. Depletion of SAMHD1 in macrophages decouples the association between infection and expression of cell cycle-associated proteins, with terminally differentiated macrophages becoming highly susceptible to HIV-1. We observe both embryo-derived and monocyte-derived tissue-resident macrophages in a G1-like phase at frequencies approaching 20%, suggesting how macrophages sustain HIV-1 replication in vivo Finally, we reveal a SAMHD1-dependent antiretroviral activity of histone deacetylase inhibitors acting via p53 activation. These data provide a basis for host-directed therapeutic approaches aimed at limiting HIV-1 burden in macrophages that may contribute to curative interventions.
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Department of Neuromuscular Diseases
Lab for Molecular Cell Bio MRC-UCL
Experimental & Translational Medicine
Research Department of Haematology
Div of Infection & Immunity
Div of Infection & Immunity
Experimental & Translational Medicine
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