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Publication Detail
p,p'-DDT-induced myoclonus in the rat and its application as an animal model of 5-HT-sensitive action myoclonus.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Pratt JA, Rothwell J, Jenner P, Marsden CD
  • Publication date:
    01/01/1986
  • Pagination:
    577, 588
  • Journal:
    Advances in neurology
  • Volume:
    43
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0091-3952
Abstract
p,p'-DDT-induced myoclonus in mice has been proposed as a model of stimulus-sensitive action myoclonus responsive to L-5-HTP and clonazepam treatment. However, we have been unable to confirm the ability of clonazepam to reduce myoclonus induced by p,p'-DDT in the rat. A detailed pharmacological, biochemical, and physiological investigation in the latter species shows p,p'-DDT-induced myoclonus not to resemble stimulus-sensitive action myoclonus occurring in humans. Precursors of 5-HT (L-tryptophan and L-5-HTP) reduced the intensity of myoclonus, but the 5-HT agonists quipazine and Org 6582 did not. 5-HT antagonists (methergoline, methysergide, and cinanserin) did not potentiate myoclonus induced by p,p'-DDT. In contrast, administration of MAOIs (pargyline, nialamide, and tranylcypromine) markedly attenuated the myoclonus. No observable changes in cerebral 5-HT biochemical parameters occurred at the onset of myoclonus, although brain tryptophan and 5-HIAA were increased following periods of prolonged myoclonus. Electrophysiological analysis of p,p'-DDT-induced myoclonus in the rat revealed changes in EEG and EMG activity that were different from those observed in human reticular reflex myoclonus. In conclusion, in contrast to the mouse, myoclonus induced by p,p'-DDT in the rat does not appear to be a suitable model of 5-HT-sensitive action myoclonus in man.
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