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Publication Detail
Steady-state EB cap size fluctuations are determined by stochastic microtubule growth and maturation
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Rickman J, Duellberg C, Cade NI, Griffin LD, Surrey T
  • Publication date:
    28/03/2017
  • Pagination:
    3427, 3432
  • Journal:
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • Volume:
    114
  • Issue:
    13
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    0027-8424
Abstract
Growing microtubules are protected from depolymerization by the presence of a GTP or GDP/Pi cap. End-binding proteins of the EB1 family bind to the stabilizing cap, allowing monitoring of its size in real time. The cap size has been shown to correlate with instantaneous microtubule stability. Here we have quantitatively characterized the properties of cap size fluctuations during steadystate growth and have developed a theory predicting their timescale and amplitude from the kinetics of microtubule growth and cap maturation. In contrast to growth speed fluctuations, cap size fluctuations show a characteristic timescale, which is defined by the lifetime of the cap sites. Growth fluctuations affect the amplitude of cap size fluctuations; however, cap size does not affect growth speed, indicating that microtubules are far from instability during most of their time of growth. Our theory provides the basis for a quantitative understanding of microtubule stability fluctuations during steady-state growth.
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