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Publication Detail
Regulative, facilitative and strategic contributions of planning to achieving low carbon development
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Williams J
  • Publication date:
    01/01/2012
  • Pagination:
    131, 145
  • Journal:
    Planning Theory and Practice
  • Volume:
    13
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published
  • Print ISSN:
    1464-9357
Abstract
The triple threats of climate change, resource depletion and energy security have led to a need to re-think the way in which we build and regenerate our cities. Increasingly low carbon infrastructure, buildings and lifestyles are being encouraged in urban areas. This trend has resulted in the emergence of a number of low carbon demonstration projects in cities across the world. The planning process is one of many tools in the armory for delivering low carbon development. It has a clear role in the delivery of low carbon demonstration projects and may also be used to encourage wider deployment of low carbon systems in cities. It has several roles - strategic, regulatory and facilitation (identified by planning theory) - all of which can be used to assist in the delivery of low carbon development. Strategic planning can be used to coordinate resource and development strategies as well as encourage the alterations to urban form needed to support the deployment of low carbon technologies. The planning process itself can be manipulated to reduce the cost of low carbon development; used to facilitate discussion between key players involved in delivering low carbon development; and build support for low carbon infrastructure in communities. In its regulatory role planning can be used to enforce the adoption of low carbon infrastructure in communities. The role of planning in delivering low carbon development will be investigated in this paper using a two case studies fromEurope. Theweakness of planning as a tool for delivering lowcarbon development and the factors which can provide greater leverage are also explored using case study examples. Finally the future role for the planning system in delivering low carbon development is discussed. © 2012 Taylor & Francis.
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