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Publication Detail
Correlation of Optical Properties, Electronic Structure, and Photocatalytic Activity in Nanostructured Tungsten Oxide
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Ling M, Blackman CS, Palgrave RG, Sotelo-Vazquez C, Kafizas A, Parkin IP
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Advanced Materials Interfaces
  • Status:
Tungsten trioxide nanorod arrays are deposited using aerosol assisted chemical vapor deposition. The electronic structure, defect chemistry, optical bandgap, and photocatalytic activity are found to vary progressively with nanorod length. Nanorods less than 1 μm in length show a widening of the optical bandgap (up to 3.1 eV), more disorder states within the bandgap, an absence of reduced tungsten cation states, and increased photocatalytic activity for destruction of a test organic pollutant (stearic acid) compared to nanorods of 2 μm length or greater which possessed bandgaps close to the bulk value for tungsten oxide (2.6-2.8 eV), the presence of reduced tungsten states (W4+), and lower photocatalytic activity. The results indicate that for maximum photocatalytic performance in organic pollutant degradation, tungsten oxide should be engineered such that the bandgap is widened relative to bulk WO3 to a value above 3 eV; although less photons are expected be absorbed, increases in the overpotential for oxidation reactions appear to more than offset this loss. It is also desirable to ensure the material remains defect free, or the defect concentration minimized, to minimize carrier recombination.
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