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Publication Detail
Frutapin, a lectin from Artocarpus incisa (breadfruit): cloning, expression and molecular insights.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Sousa FD, da Silva BB, Furtado GP, Carneiro IDS, Lobo MDP, Guan Y, Guo J, Coker AR, Lourenzoni MR, Guedes MIF, Owen JS, Abraham DJ, Monteiro-Moreira ACDO, Moreira RDA
  • Publisher:
    Portland Press, Biochemical Society
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Bioscience Reports
  • Medium:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Addresses:
    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Federal University of Ceará, Campus do Pici, S/N, Fortaleza, 60020-181, Brazil fdsousa@yahoo.com.br.
Artocarpus incisa (breadfruit) seeds contain three different lectins (Frutalin, Frutapin and Frutackin) with distinct carbohydrate specificities. The most abundant lectin is Frutalin, an α-D-galactose-specific carbohydrate-binding glycoprotein with antitumour properties and potential for tumour biomarker discovery as already reported. Frutapin (FTP) is the second most abundant, but proved difficult to purify with very low yields and contamination with Frutalin frustrating its characterization. Here, we report for the first time high-level production and isolation of biologically-active recombinant FTP in E. coli BL21, optimizing conditions with the best set yielding >40 mg/L culture of soluble active FTP. The minimal concentration for agglutination of red blood cells was 62.5 µg/mL of FTP, a process effectively inhibited by mannose. Apo-FTP, FTP-mannose and FTP-glucose crystals were obtained and diffracted X-rays to a resolution of 1.58 (P212121), 1.70 (P3121) and 1.60 (P3121) Å, respectively. The best solution showed four monomers per asymmetric unit. Molecular Dynamics simulation suggested FTP displays higher affinity for mannose than glucose. Cell studies revealed FTP was non-cytotoxic to cultured mouse fibroblast 3T3 cells below 0.5 mg/mL and also capable of stimulating cell migration at 50 µg/mL. In conclusion, our optimized expression system allowed high amounts of correctly-folded soluble FTP to be isolated. This recombinant bioactive lectin will now be tested in future studies for therapeutic potential; for example, in wound healing and tissue regeneration.
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