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Publication Detail
Lack of oxygen deactivates mitochondrial complex I: implications for ischemic injury?
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Galkin A, Abramov AY, Frakich N, Duchen MR, Moncada S
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    36055, 36061
  • Journal:
    J Biol Chem
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Cattle, Electron Transport Complex I, Enzyme Activation, Epithelial Cells, Humans, Ischemia, Kidney, Mitochondria, Nitric Oxide, Nitroso Compounds, Oxygen Consumption, Peroxynitrous Acid, Sulfhydryl Compounds
For S-nitrosothiols and peroxynitrite to interfere with the activity of mitochondrial complex I, prior transition of the enzyme from its active (A) to its deactive, dormant (D) state is necessary. We now demonstrate accumulation of the D-form of complex I in human epithelial kidney cells after prolonged hypoxia. Upon reoxygenation after hypoxia there was an initial delay in the return of the respiration rate to normal. This was due to the accumulation of the D-form and its slow, substrate-dependent reconversion to the A-form. Reconversion to the A-form could be prevented by prolonged incubation with endogenously generated NO. We propose that the hypoxic transition from the A-form to the D-form of complex I may be protective, because it would act to reduce the electron burst and the formation of free radicals during reoxygenation. However, this may become an early pathophysiological event when NO-dependent formation of S-nitrosothiols or peroxynitrite structurally modifies complex I in its D-form and impedes its return to the active state. These observations provide a mechanism to account for the severe cell injury that follows hypoxia and reoxygenation when accompanied by NO generation.
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