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Publication Detail
The prevalence of antibodies to anionic phospholipids in patients with the primary antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and their relatives and spouses
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Radway-Bright EL, Ravirajan CT, Isenberg DA
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    427, 431
  • Journal:
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Keywords:
    adult, analysis, antibodies, Antibodies, Antiphospholipid, Antibody, Antiphospholipid Syndrome, As, Autoimmune Diseases, Case-Control Studies, control, disease, Diseases, environmental, factors, Female, fetal, genetic, genetics, groups, HEALTHY, Iga, IgG, Igm, immunology, Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic, Male, medicine, Methods, NUMBER, Patient, patients, Pedigree, Phospholipids, Prevalence, Research, Rheumatology, secondary, Spouses, Syndrome, Thrombocytopenia, Thrombosis, UK
  • Addresses:
    Centre for Rheumatology Research, Bloomsbury Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University College London, UK
  • Notes:
    UI - 20278303 LA - eng RN - 0 (Antibodies, Antiphospholipid) RN - 0 (IgA) RN - 0 (IgG) RN - 0 (IgM) PT - Journal Article DA - 20000628 IS - 1462-0324 SB - IM CY - ENGLAND JC - DDB
OBJECTIVES: Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) have been associated with syndromes involving thrombosis, fetal loss and thrombocytopenia. Genetic and environmental conditions are among the factors attributed to the cause of autoimmune diseases such as the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to determine whether these factors determine the prevalence of aPL. METHODS: Three groups of patients were tested for the presence of IgG, IgM and IgA anticardiolipin (aCL), antiphosphatidylinositol (aPI), antiphosphatidylglycerol (aPG) and antiphosphatidylserine (aPS) antibodies: (i) patients with primary APS (PAPS); (ii) patients with SLE and secondary APS; and (iii) patients with SLE without APS. First- degree relatives and spouses of patients with SLE/APS were also tested for circulating aPL. RESULTS: IgG aPL were particularly prevalent in patients with PAPS. IgG aPI and aCL were more prevalent in patients with PAPS than the IgM equivalents (P < 0.0001). Notably, none of the patients with PAPS had IgA aPL. A significantly higher number of relatives of patients with SLE/APS possessed IgG aPL than the normal controls. Except for aPG (P < 0.03), the prevalence of these antibodies in the relatives was not significantly different from patients with SLE/APS. The relatives also had significantly higher prevalence of IgG aPI, aPS and aCL antibodies than IgM aPL antibodies. In contrast, the prevalence of IgG aPL in the spouses was no different than in the healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic factors, shared by patients and their relatives, seem to have some effect on the prevalence of aPL in the subjects studied, while environmental factors shared by spouses appear to have no influence
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