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Publication Detail
The Nottingham Fatigue After Stroke (NotFAST) study: results from follow-up six months after stroke.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Hawkins L, Lincoln NB, Sprigg N, Ward NS, Mistri A, Tyrrell P, Worthington E, Drummond A
  • Publication date:
    11/09/2017
  • Pagination:
    1, 5
  • Journal:
    Topics in stroke rehabilitation
  • Medium:
    Print-Electronic
  • Print ISSN:
    1074-9357
  • Language:
    eng
  • Addresses:
    a Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences , University of Nottingham , Nottingham , UK.
Abstract
Background Post-stroke fatigue is common and disabling. Objectives The aim of NotFAST was to examine factors associated with fatigue in stroke survivors without depression, six months after stroke. Methods Participants were recruited from four UK stroke units. Those with high levels of depressive symptoms (score ≥7 on Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards) or aphasia were excluded. Follow-up assessment was conducted at six months after stroke. They were assessed on the Fatigue Severity Scale, Rivermead Mobility Index, Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scale, Barthel Index, Beck Anxiety Index, Brief Assessment Schedule Depression Cards, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, and Sleep Hygiene Index. Results Of the 371 participants recruited, 263 (71%) were contacted at six months after stroke and 213 (57%) returned questionnaires. Approximately half (n = 109, 51%) reported fatigue at six months. Of those reporting fatigue initially (n = 88), 61 (69%) continued to report fatigue. 'De novo' (new) fatigue was reported by 48 (38%) of those not fatigued initially. Lower Nottingham Extended Activities of Daily Living scores and higher Beck Anxiety Index scores were independently associated with fatigue at six months. Conclusions Half the stroke survivors reported fatigue at six months post-stroke. Reduced independence in activities of daily living and higher anxiety levels were associated with the level of fatigue. Persistent and delayed onset fatigue may affect independence and participation in rehabilitation, and these findings should be used to inform the development of appropriate interventions.
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