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Publication Detail
Missense variants in the X-linked gene PRPS1 cause retinal degeneration in females.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Fiorentino A, Fujinami K, Arno G, Robson AG, Pontikos N, Arasanz Armengol M, Plagnol V, Hayashi T, Iwata T, Parker M, Fowler T, Rendon A, Gardner JC, Henderson RH, Cheetham ME, Webster AR, Michaelides M, Hardcastle AJ
  • Publisher:
  • Publication date:
  • Journal:
    Human Mutation
  • Medium:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    100,000 Genomes Project, the Japan Eye Genetic Consortium and the UK Inherited Retinal Dystrophy Consortium
  • Addresses:
    UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, London, United Kingdom.
Retinal dystrophies are a heterogeneous group of disorders of visual function leading to partial or complete blindness. We report the genetic basis of an unusual retinal dystrophy in five families with affected females and no affected males. Heterozygous missense variants were identified in the X-linked PRPS1 gene: c.47C > T, p.(Ser16Phe); c.586C > T, p.(Arg196Trp); c.641G > C, p.(Arg214Pro) and c.640C > T, p.(Arg214Trp). Missense variants in PRPS1 are usually associated with disease in male patients, including Arts Syndrome, Charcot-Marie-Tooth and non-syndromic sensorineural deafness. In our study families, affected females manifested a retinal dystrophy with inter-ocular asymmetry. Three unrelated females from these families had hearing loss leading to a diagnosis of Usher Syndrome. Other neurological manifestations were also observed in three individuals. Our data highlight the unexpected X-linked inheritance of retinal degeneration in females caused by variants in PRPS1, and suggest that tissue specific skewed X-inactivation or variable levels of PRS-I deficiency are the underlying mechanism(s). We speculate that the absence of affected males in the study families suggests that some variants may be male embryonic lethal when inherited in the hemizygous state. The unbiased nature of next generation sequencing enables all possible modes of inheritance to be considered for association of gene variants with novel phenotypic presentation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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