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Publication Detail
A computer simulation study of the effect of pressure on Mg diffusion in forsterite
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Article
  • Authors:
    Bejina F, Blanchard M, Wright K, Price GD
  • Publisher:
    ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
  • Publication date:
    01/2009
  • Pagination:
    13, 19
  • Journal:
    PHYS EARTH PLANET IN
  • Volume:
    172
  • Issue:
    1-2
  • Print ISSN:
    0031-9201
  • Language:
    EN
  • Keywords:
    Forsterite, Computational modeling, Point defect, Diffusion, Activation volume, FE-MG, CATION DIFFUSION, LATTICE-DYNAMICS, AB-INITIO, INTERATOMIC POTENTIALS, DIELECTRIC-CONSTANTS, MG2SIO4 POLYMORPHS, HIGH-TEMPERATURE, OLIVINE, DEFECTS
  • Addresses:
    Bejina, F
    Univ Toulouse
    CNRS
    IRD
    OMP,Lab Mecanismes & Transferts Geol
    F-31400
    Toulouse
    France
Abstract
Computer simulation techniques were used to investigate the effect of pressure on magnesium diffusion in forsterite between 0 and 10 GPa. We studied the diffusion path along the c crystallographic axis (we always refer to the Pbnm system) via a vacancy mechanism. Using a Mott-Littleton approach within the code GULP, we were able to precisely map the diffusion path of a Mg vacancy and we found the activation energy, E = 3.97 eV at 0 GPa (with E-f = 3.35 eV for the formation energy and E-m = 0.62 eV for the migration) and E = 4.46eV at 10GPa (E-f = 3.81 eV and E-m = 0.65eV). Preliminary results using the supercell technique gave the same saddle point coordinates and energies. This saddle point of the Mg vacancy diffusion found with GULP was then introduced in an ab initio code, confirming the values of the migration energy both at 0 and 10GPa. We were therefore able to estimate the activation volume (Delta V) to be around 5 cm(3)/mol and d(Delta V)/dP similar or equal to 0. The effect of pressure applies mostly on defect formation and little on migration. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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