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Publication Detail
A 32-by-32 CMOS microelectrode array for capacitive biosensing and impedance spectroscopy
  • Publication Type:
  • Authors:
    Valente V, Demosthenous A
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  • Published proceedings:
    Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
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  • Name of conference:
    2017 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)
  • Conference place:
    Baltimore, USA
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© 2017 IEEE. This paper presents the design of a 1024-channel dual-modality CMOS biosensor suitable for both capacitive sensing and impedance spectroscopy. The chip serves as a platform for detection, localization and monitoring of bacteria and can be adopted for affinity-based assays. The chip features a 32×32 array of unpassivated metal electrodes formed on the top metal of a 0.18μm CMOS process, with an overall sensing area of 2.06 mm2. The system design is based on a shared in-pixel integrator that can be used as a charge amplifier for capacitive sensing (CS) or as part of a transimpedance amplifier for electrical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The CS mode is capable of a operation bandwidth of 50 MHz at a current consumption of 82 μA per pixel. The EIS channel operates over a bandwidth between 100 Hz and 1 MHz with a total input-referred current noise of 48 pArms and a current consumption of 210 μA per channel.
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