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Publication Detail
Cortical Morphology and MRI Signal Intensity Analysis in Paediatric Epilepsy
Abstract
Epilepsy encompasses a great variety of aetiologies, and as such is not a single disease but a group of diseases characterised by unprovoked seizures.The primary aim of the work presented in this thesis was to use multimodal structural imaging to improve understanding of epilepsy related brain pathology, both the epileptogenic lesions themselves and extralesional pathology, in order to improve pre-surgical planning in medicationresistant epilepsy and improve understanding of the underlying pathogenic mechanisms. The work focuses on 2 epilepsy aetiologies: focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) (chapters 2 and 3) and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (chapters 4 & 5). Chapter 2 of this thesis develops surface-based, structural MRI post-processing techniques that can be applied to clinical T1 and FLAIR images to complement current MRI-based diagnosis of focal cortical dysplasias. Chapter 3 uses the features developed in Chapter 2 within a machine learning framework to automatically detect FCDs, obtaining 73% sensitivity using a neural network. Chapter 4 develops an in vivo method to explore neocortical gliosis in adults with TLE, while Chapter 5 applies this method to a paediatric cohort. Finally, the concluding chapter discusses contributions, main limitations and outlines options for future research.
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Developmental Neurosciences Dept
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