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Publication Detail
Effects of Arousal on Mouse Sensory Cortex Depend on Modality.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
  • Authors:
    Shimaoka D, Harris KD, Carandini M
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    3160, 3167
  • Journal:
    Cell reports
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Medium:
  • Status:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Addresses:
    UCL Institute of Ophthalmology, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6AE, UK. Electronic address: d.shimaoka@ucl.ac.uk.
Changes in arousal modulate the activity of mouse sensory cortex, but studies in different mice and different sensory areas disagree on whether this modulation enhances or suppresses activity. We measured this modulation simultaneously in multiple cortical areas by imaging mice expressing voltage-sensitive fluorescent proteins (VSFP). VSFP imaging estimates local membrane potential across large portions of cortex. We used temporal filters to predict local potential from running speed or from pupil dilation, two measures of arousal. The filters provided good fits and revealed that the effects of arousal depend on modality. In the primary visual cortex (V1) and auditory cortex (Au), arousal caused depolarization followed by hyperpolarization. In the barrel cortex (S1b) and a secondary visual area (LM), it caused only hyperpolarization. In all areas, nonetheless, arousal reduced the phasic responses to trains of sensory stimuli. These results demonstrate diverse effects of arousal across sensory cortex but similar effects on sensory responses.
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