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Publication Detail
Selective-exhaust gas recirculation for CO₂ capture using membrane technology
Abstract
Membranes can potentially offer low-cost CO₂ capture from post-combustion flue gas. However, the low partial pressure of CO₂ in flue gases can inhibit their effectiveness unless methods are employed to increase their partial pressure. Selective-Exhaust Gas Recirculation (S-EGR) has recently received considerable attention. In this study, the performance of a dense polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane for the separation of CO₂/N₂ binary model mixtures for S-EGR application was investigated using a bench-scale experimental rig. Measurements at different pressures, at different feeding concentrations and with nitrogen as sweep gas revealed an average carbon dioxide permeability of 2943 ± 4.1%_{RSD} Barrer. The bench-scale membrane module showed high potential to separate binary mixtures of N₂ and CO₂ containing 5–20% CO₂. The permeability was slightly affected by feed pressures ranging from 1 to 2.4 bar. Furthermore, the separation selectivity for a CO₂/N₂ mixture of 10%/90% (by volume) reached a maximum of 10.55 at 1.8 bar. Based on the results from the bench-scale experiments, a pilot-scale PDMS membrane module was tested for the first time using a real flue gas mixture taken from the combustion of natural gas. Results from the pilot-scale experiments confirmed the potential of the PDMS membrane system to be used in an S-EGR configuration for capture of CO₂.
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Dept of Mechanical Engineering
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