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Publication Detail
Whole-genome sequencing reveals a recurrent missense mutation in the Connexin 46 (GJA3) gene causing autosomal-dominant lamellar cataract
Abstract
© 2018 The Royal College of Ophthalmologists Purpose: Congenital cataract, opacification of the ocular lens, is clinically and genetically a heterogeneous childhood disease. In this study we aimed to identify the underlying genetic cause of isolated autosomal-dominant lamellar cataract in a multi-generation English family. Methods: Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was undertaken in two affected subjects and one unaffected individual. Segregation analysis was performed and a known cataract-causing mutation was identified. Segregation was further validated by sanger sequencing in the entire pedigree. Results: A heterozygous mutation c.7 G > T; p.D3Y was identified in an NH2-terminal region of the gap junction protein GJA3 and found to co-segregate with disease. Conclusion: We have identified a recurrent mutation in GJA3 in a large British pedigree causing the novel phenotype of autosomal-dominant congenital lamellar cataract. Previously, p.D3Y was found in a Hispanic family causing pulverulent cataract. WGS proved an efficient method to find the underlying molecular cause in this large family, which could not be mapped due to uninformative markers.
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Institute of Ophthalmology
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Institute of Ophthalmology
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Institute of Ophthalmology
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Institute of Ophthalmology
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Institute of Ophthalmology
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