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Publication Detail
Sequence analysis and idiotypic relationships of BEG-2, a human fetal antibody reactive with DNA.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Watts RA, Hillson JL, Oppliger IR, Mackenzie L, Lydyard PM, Mackworth Young CG, Brown C, Staines NA, Isenberg DA
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    9, 17
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  • Volume:
  • Issue:
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  • Keywords:
    Amino Acid Sequence, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibody Specificity, Base Sequence, DNA, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Fetus, Humans, Immunoglobulin Idiotypes, Molecular Sequence Data
Monoclonal antibody (mAb) BEG-2 is a dsDNA binding IgM lambda derived from a 12-week human fetus. Two binding site idiotypes (BEG-2 Id alpha and BEG-2 Id beta) have been defined with the use of polyclonal rabbit anti-idiotypic anti-serum. BEG-2 Id alpha is located on the lambda light chain and has been described previously. The BEG-2 Id beta is present on the mu heavy chain. By means of a direct binding ELISA, BEG-2 Id beta has been identified on EBV-derived mAbs from human fetal liver or spleen (5%), human cord blood (2.7%) and adult peripheral blood (1%). In addition, the Id is present on 8.5% of adult spleen-derived hybridoma antibodies and 6% of RA synovium-derived hybridoma antibodies. In all populations the presence of the Id is strongly associated with binding to DNA and other polyanions. Competition assays indicated that the Id was located at or near the antigen-binding site on these molecules. To explore the structural basis of this binding, a major part of the BEG-2 heavy chain was sequenced and found to be encoded by a member of the VH4 family joined to a variant of JH5 by a very short Diversity or N region. Of the BEG-2 Id beta positive mAbs for which the VH family has been determined, five are encoded by VH4 and two are encoded by VH6, but none is encoded by other families. Thus, the BEG-2 Id beta identifies a set of polyreactive antibodies that are common in fetal life, persist into adulthood and are encoded by VH6 and, a subset of VH4 genes.
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