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Publication Detail
Real world outcomes of pomalidomide for treatment of relapsed light chain amyloidosis.
Abstract
Pomalidomide is a next-generation immunomodulatory agent with activity in relapsed light chain (AL) amyloidosis, but real world outcomes are lacking. We report the experience of the UK National Amyloidosis Centre. All patients with AL amyloidosis treated with pomalidomide between 2009 and 2017 were included. Data was collected on treatment toxicity and clonal response. Survival was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and outcomes reported on an intent-to-treat (ITT) basis. A total of 29 patients treated with pomalidomide were identified. Haematological responses at 3 months were: complete response (CR) nil, very good partial response (VGPR) 10 (35%), partial response (PR) 9 (31%), stable or progressive disease 7 (24%), unevaluable 3 (10%). On an ITT basis (n = 28), responses at 6 months were: CR- nil, VGPR-11 (39%), PR-2 (7%) and the remaining patients were non-responders 15 (53%). Median overall survival was 27 months (95% confidence interval 15·7-38·1 months). Median progression free survival (PFS) was 15 months (95% confidence interval 6·24-23·77). In conclusion, pomalidomide has activity in patients with relapsed AL amyloidosis. Responses are rapid and early responses may be predictive of a sustained overall response. Deep responses (VGPR or better) are seen in only a third of all patients and combination therapy needs to be explored.
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