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Publication Detail
Writings on Australia, VII. Colonization Company Proposal
  • Publication Type:
    Internet publication
  • Authors:
    Bentham J, Causer T, Schofield P
  • Publisher:
    Bentham Project
  • Publication date:
    03/09/2018
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Notes:
    This work is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Non-derivative 4.0 International license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the work for personal and non-commercial use providing author and publisher attribution are clearly stated. Attribution should include the following information: Jeremy Bentham, Writings on Australia, VII. Colonization Company Proposal, ed. T. Causer and P. Schofield, pre-publication version, The Bentham Project, 2018. Further details about CC BY licenses are available at http://creativecommoms.org/licenses/ This text is a preliminary version, in that the authoritative version will appear as part of Bentham’s Writings on Australia for The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham, with a full Editorial Introduction, name and subject indexes, finalized annotation, and working cross-references. The volume is due to be published in 2020 by the Clarendon Press.
Abstract
The National Colonization Society had been established in 1830, its members having been inspired by Edward Gibbon Wakefield’s plan of ‘systematic colonization’, that is, the emigration of carefully selected free people, funded by the sale of colonial lands, to a colony which would be granted powers of self-government as soon as possible. The Society’s members had initially sought to implement the plan at the Swan River colony, though they failed to secure the necessary government support. Following the discovery of the River Murray in late 1830, they turned their attention to Gulf St Vincent on the south Australian coast, and in May 1831 submitted a proposal to the Colonial Office in which the colony would be one of concentrated settlement and the scheme overseen by a joint-stock company. The Society was required by the Colonial Office to develop further and resubmit its proposal, and did so in August 1831, proposing that, in return for the company being granted a Royal Charter, its directors would bear the entire cost of establishing the colony. On 3 August 1831 the Committee of the National Colonization Society approved the printing of its revised proposal, which was published as Proposal to His Majesty’s Government for Founding a Colony on the Southern Coast of Australia. Over the following ten days from 4 August 1831 Bentham drafted around fifty sheets of manuscript relating to ‘Colonization Company Proposal’, and which effectively constitutes his commentary upon the National Colonization Society’s Proposal.
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