UCL  IRIS
Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Chronic inflammation and subsequent depressive symptoms: the mediating role of physical activity
  • Publication Type:
    Conference presentation
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Presentation
  • Authors:
    Frank P, Cadar D, Kaushal A
  • Date:
    01/05/2018
  • Name of Conference:
    Society for Social Medicine and Population Health
  • Conference place:
    Glasgow
  • Conference start date:
    01/09/2018
  • Conference finish date:
    01/09/2018
  • Keywords:
    Inflammation, depression, physical activity
Abstract
Background Chronic inflammation has been associated with the onset of depression, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain elusive. This study examined whether physical activity (PA) explained the association between elevated levels of inflammatory markers and subsequent depressive symptoms in an English nationally representative sample. Methods The sample consisted of 2953 men and women (aged 50+) recruited from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) an ongoing, open, representative prospective cohort study. Four waves of data between 2008/09 (wave 4) and 2016/17 (wave 8) were analysed. Serum levels of inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein (CRP)) and covariates (age, sex, education, wealth, body mass index, smoking, cholesterol, triglyceride) were measured at wave 4 (considered here as the baseline). Self-reported weekly moderate/vigorous PA (vs no weekly moderate/vigorous PA) was examined at a four-year follow-up (wave 6, 2012/13). Depressive symptoms were assessed at baseline and six years later (wave 7, 2014/15) using the 8-item version of the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Binary mediation analysis was used to investigate whether PA mediated the relationship between systemic inflammation and depressive symptoms, adjusting for the full set of covariates. Results No significant associations were found between elevated levels of CRP and subsequent depressive symptoms (Odds Ratio (OR)=1.28 (95% Confidence Intervals (CI)) 0.98–1.68). Participants with high CRP were significantly more likely to be physically inactive (OR=1.29 (95% CI) 1.07 to 1.56). Physical inactivity was associated with greater odds of subsequent depressive symptoms (OR=2.17 (95% CI) 1.65–2.84). Mediation analyses revealed that physical inactivity mediated the relationship between high CRP and depressive symptoms, explaining a total of 47.79% of this association. Conclusion In this nationally representative sample, we found that physical inactivity is a partial mediator of the relationship between high CRP and subsequent depressive symptoms. Interventions targeting physical inactivity may be effective in ameliorating inflammation-associated depressive symptoms.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Author
Institute of Epidemiology & Health
Author
Behavioural Science and Health
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by