UCL  IRIS
Institutional Research Information Service
UCL Logo
Please report any queries concerning the funding data grouped in the sections named "Externally Awarded" or "Internally Disbursed" (shown on the profile page) to your Research Finance Administrator. Your can find your Research Finance Administrator at https://www.ucl.ac.uk/finance/research/rs-contacts.php by entering your department
Please report any queries concerning the student data shown on the profile page to:

Email: portico-services@ucl.ac.uk

Help Desk: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ras/portico/helpdesk
Publication Detail
Cognitive outcomes following epilepsy in infancy: A longitudinal community-based study
Abstract
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2018 International League Against Epilepsy Objective: Onset of epilepsy before 2 years of age is associated with poor cognitive outcome; however, the natural course of the range of epilepsies that occur at this age is unknown. The aim of this prospective community-based study was to investigate the neuropsychological development of infants with newly diagnosed epilepsy longitudinally and to identify the clinical factors that predict long-term impairment. Methods: Sixty-six infants <24 months of age were enrolled in the baseline phase of this study; 40 were seen again at 1-year follow-up and 40 at 3-year follow-up. Children underwent a neurological and neuropsychological assessment at each time point. Results: More than 55% of children demonstrated impaired cognitive functioning at each assessment, with a similar percentage showing impaired memory and attention at 3-year follow-up. Cognitive scores obtained at each time point were correlated. More than 20 seizures/seizure clusters prior to assessment and an abnormal neurologic examination predicted poor cognitive functioning at baseline, whereas continuing seizures and baseline cognitive score predicted 3-year intelligence quotient (IQ)/cognitive score. Significance: These findings demonstrate the following: (1) infants who are performing poorly at baseline continue to display impaired development at follow-up, (2) these children are delayed across a range of neuropsychological functions, and (3) a high number of seizures close to initial diagnosis and continuing seizures at follow-up independently predict cognitive impairment. These findings help to identify those infants with new-onset epilepsy who are most at risk for poor developmental outcome and suggest that multimodal interventions should be instituted early in the course of the disorder to improve outcomes.
Publication data is maintained in RPS. Visit https://rps.ucl.ac.uk
 More search options
UCL Researchers
Author
Developmental Neurosciences Dept
Author
Developmental Neurosciences Dept
University College London - Gower Street - London - WC1E 6BT Tel:+44 (0)20 7679 2000

© UCL 1999–2011

Search by