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Publication Detail
Analysis of Demand Dynamics and Inter-modal Connectivity in London Bicycle Sharing System
Abstract Bicycle Sharing Systems (BSS) have gained increasing popularity in recent years due to their potential to increase cycle usage and improve the transit connectivity in cities. These systems offer a sustainable alternative to more traditional modes of urban transportation that have enormous benefits to health and environment. The most important factor for the success of a bicycle-sharing system is its ability to meet the fluctuating demand for bicycles and spaces across the network. There are facets of BSS resource demands that are linked to other modes of transportation due to the intermodal nature of bicycle share systems. These aspects have not been evaluated in much detail in the available literature. The aim of this study is to analyse the Demand Dynamics and Intermodal Connectivity in London Bicycle Sharing System (LBSS). This will provide key insights into the functioning of such a system and serves to provide policy makers with a wealth of data to explore many aspects of LBSS demand and usage patterns. A three part analysis was carried out to inspect various aspects of LBSS demand. The first part focused on demand dynamics of individual docking stations as well as a formulation of demand and imbalance using travel flow data. The second part of the analysis looked at the source of demand imbalance due to intermodal transportation. London Tube/train flow data and LBSS data was used to highlight the relationship between the two networks. The last part of the analysis was to observe the on-ground realities of the systems and compare it against the information deduced from the data analysis. Results highlighted the source of demand asymmetry in LBSS due to its role as an intermodal transportation alternative. It also demonstrated the self-balancing characteristics of large numbers of docking stations by means of flow data analysis. The work carried out in this study lays the foundation for future efforts to understand and forecast demand in BSS. Keywords: Bicycle Sharing System (BSS), Demand imbalance, Demand asymmetry, Intermodal transportation and last mile commuting
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