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Publication Detail
Ion Channels and Receptors as Determinants of Microglial Function.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Review
  • Authors:
    Izquierdo P, Attwell D, Madry C
  • Publisher:
    Elsevier
  • Publication date:
    01/04/2019
  • Journal:
    Trends in Neurosciences
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Country:
    England
  • Print ISSN:
    0166-2236
  • PII:
    S0166-2236(18)30320-5
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    ion channels, membrane voltage, microglia, receptors
Abstract
Microglia provide immune surveillance of the CNS. They display diverse behaviors, including nondirectional and directed motility of their processes, phagocytosis of targets such as dying neurons or superfluous synapses, and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytokines. Many of these functions are mediated by ion channels and cell surface receptors, the expression of which varies with the many morphological and functional states that microglial cells can adopt. Recent progress in understanding microglial function has been facilitated by applying classical cell physiological techniques in situ, such as patch-clamping and live imaging, and cell-specific transcriptomic analyses. Here, we review the contribution of microglial ion channels and receptors to microglial and brain function.
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