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Publication Detail
Methylation array profiling of adult brain tumours: diagnostic outcomes in a large, single centre.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Jaunmuktane Z, Capper D, Jones DTW, Schrimpf D, Sill M, Dutt M, Suraweera N, Pfister SM, von Deimling A, Brandner S
  • Publication date:
    20/02/2019
  • Pagination:
    24, ?
  • Journal:
    Acta Neuropathol Commun
  • Volume:
    7
  • Issue:
    1
  • Status:
    Published online
  • Country:
    England
  • PII:
    10.1186/s40478-019-0668-8
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Adult brain tumours, BRAF, Brain tumour classification, DKFZ classifier, Ependymoma, Glioma, H3 K27M, Histone mutation, IDH1, IDH2, Illumina array, Methylation array, Methylation classifier, Molecular diagnostics
Abstract
The introduction of the classification of brain tumours based on their DNA methylation profile has significantly changed the diagnostic approach for cases with ambiguous histology, non-informative or contradictory molecular profiles or for entities where methylation profiling provides useful information for patient risk stratification, for example in medulloblastoma and ependymoma. We present our experience that combines a conventional molecular diagnostic approach with the complementary use of a DNA methylation-based classification tool, for adult brain tumours originating from local as well as national referrals. We report the frequency of IDH mutations in a large cohort of nearly 1550 patients, EGFR amplifications in almost 1900 IDH-wildtype glioblastomas, and histone mutations in 70 adult gliomas. We demonstrate how additional methylation-based classification has changed and improved our diagnostic approach. Of the 325 cases referred for methylome testing, 179 (56%) had a calibrated score of 0.84 and higher and were included in the evaluation. In these 179 samples, the diagnosis was changed in 45 (25%), refined in 86 (48%) and confirmed in 44 cases (25%). In addition, the methylation arrays contain copy number information that usefully complements the methylation profile. For example, EGFR amplification which is 95% concordant with our Real-Time PCR-based copy number assays. We propose here a diagnostic algorithm that integrates histology, conventional molecular tests and methylation arrays.
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