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Publication Detail
[Regenerative potential in the organ of Corti after otic intoxication].
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    English Abstract
  • Authors:
    Lenoir M, Daudet N, Parietti C, Humbert G, Ripoll C, Gallego M, Pujol R, Vago P
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    159, 164
  • Journal:
    J Soc Biol
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
  • Print ISSN:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Amikacin, Animals, Cochlea, Organ of Corti, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Regeneration
The auditory sensory cells are sensitive to a variety of influences such as noise, ototoxic drugs and aging. In the cochlea of mammals, the destroyed sensory cells are not replaced by new sensory cells. That leads to cochlear deafness, a frequent disease in human. Unfortunately, such auditory impairment is out of reach of treatment. The development of new therapeutic strategies in this field requires a precise knowledge of the mechanisms involved in auditory sensory cells disappearance and in organ of Corti's degeneration. The aim of our study was to characterize cellular and molecular changes in the cochlea of rats which had been intoxicated with the ototoxic antibiotic amikacin. The animals were sacrificed at different survival times during and after the antibiotic treatment and their cochleas were investigated using transmission and scanning electron microscopy and using confocal microscopy after tissue labellings with different fluorescent probes. The results revealed the existence of three periods. The first one corresponds to the disappearance of the sensory cells which die by apoptosis. During the second period, the organ of Corti undergoes a scarring process; concomitantly, a contingent of nonsensory supporting cells attempts to transdifferentiate directly into sensory cells. This process however fails, and the supporting cells never reach the status of hair cells. A general process of dedifferentiation of all the epithelial cells of the organ of Corti followed by a massive apoptosis of numerous epithelial cells and of most ganglion cells occurs during the third period. After that, the organ of Corti is definitely reduced to a simple monolayered epithelium. On the basis of these data, experimental strategies aimed i) to protect the sensory cells against apoptosis and ii) to promote sensory cell regeneration are now under study. They might have important implications in human therapy.
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