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Publication Detail
Long non-coding RNA repertoire and regulation by nuclear exosome, cytoplasmic exonuclease and RNAi in fission yeast
  • Publication Type:
    Working discussion paper
  • Authors:
    Atkinson S, Marguerat S, Bitton D, Rodríguez-López M, Rallis C, Lemay J-F, Cotobal C, Malecki M, Mata J, Bachand F, Bähler J
  • Publication date:
    02/07/2017
  • Status:
    Published
Abstract
Abstract Transcriptomes feature pervasive, but poorly defined long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). We identify 5775 novel lncRNAs in Schizosaccharomyces pombe , nearly 4-times the previously annotated lncRNAs. Most lncRNAs become derepressed under genetic and physiological perturbations, especially during late meiosis. These lncRNAs are targeted by three RNA-processing pathways: the nuclear exosome, cytoplasmic exonuclease and RNAi, with substantial coordination and redundancy among pathways. We classify lncRNAs into cryptic unstable transcripts (CUTs), Xrn1-sensitive unstable transcripts (XUTs), and Dicer-sensitive unstable transcripts (DUTs). XUTs and DUTs are enriched for antisense lncRNAs, while CUTs are often bidirectional and actively translated. The cytoplasmic exonuclease and RNAi repress thousands of meiotically induced RNAs. Antisense lncRNA and sense mRNA expression often negatively correlate in the physiological, but not the genetic conditions. Intergenic and bidirectional lncRNAs emerge from nucleosome-depleted regions, upstream of positioned nucleosomes. This broad survey of the S. pombe lncRNA repertoire and characteristics provides a rich resource for functional analyses.
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