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Publication Detail
Street environment for people, sustainability and health in Havana (STEPS-Havana)
  • Publication Type:
    Conference presentation
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Presentation
  • Authors:
    Dhanani A, González A, Ortegon A, Anciaes P, Cazanave J, Morris E, Mindell J
  • Date:
    04/11/2019
  • Status:
    Published
  • Name of Conference:
    5th International Conference on ​Transport and Health, Melbourne
  • Conference place:
    Melbourne, Australia
  • Conference start date:
    04/11/2019
  • Conference finish date:
    08/11/2019
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Havana’s political and economic context has created a unique urbanisation pattern with low vehicle ownership; very low fleet replacement; low population; and little urbanisation and sprawl. Walking is convenient due to equitable approaches to spatial planning at the local and city scale for developing accessible destinations, particularly widespread affordable, accessible health and education services and high personal security. However, high risk of injury due to poor condition and layout of infrastructure; high vehicular emissions; and high speeds (low traffic volume plus driver attitudes) can make walking unpleasant. OBJECTIVE: To contribute to the development of sustainable and healthy mobility in Havana. METHODS: Practitioners, policy-makers, researchers and students developed a new classification of street networks in Havana (network model) then participated in a series of interdisciplinary workshops to discuss this in relation to a new, researcher-developed pedestrian demand statistical model for Havana and personal knowledge of Havana and compare and contrast findings of the two models. 22 participants then joined a walkshop scoring 23 questions on their perceptions of pedestrian conditions at each of 27 sites (13 on east side, 14 on west) along Galiano Street in Central Havana. RESULTS: In general, the two models reflected personal experience well. Participants felt more places have higher pedestrian demand in practice than the demand model showed; the model showed higher levels than reality in a few locations. Several streets were important for both movement and for use as place, which could cause conflict. Many intersections and potential pedestrian areas had no or inadequate provision for crossings. Analysis of walkshop data found noticeable differences in mean scores between the east and west sides of the street, and between different sites along the street. The main problems on the street were a lack or poor quality of green space and plants; a lack of resting places; and high noise levels. The only positive attributes, on average, all related to the existence of colonnades providing shelter, wide pedestrian facilities without obstacles and with better quality surfaces. Non-infrastructure variables had an effect (sunshine, time of day, age and gender of participant). CONCLUSIONS: The most frequently poor-scoring attributes – lack of green space and places to sit and presence of noise – are well-known to impact adversely on mental wellbeing. More research is needed to develop and improve methods that incorporate cultural and geographic differences in use of streets and people’s needs.
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