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Publication Detail
Three-dimensional characterization of hardened paste of hydrated tricalcium silicate by serial block-face scanning electron microscopy
Abstract
© 2019 by the authors. With the application of a three-dimensional (3D) characterization technique, serial block-face scanning electron microscopy (SBFSEM), the 3D microstructure of a hydrated cement monomineral, tricalcium silicate (C3S), was measured with nanoscale resolution. The 3D morphologies of anhydrous particles, hydrated products, and capillary pores were visualized. Closed and open pores were discovered inside an anhydrous particle. The size and distribution of both the anhydrous C3S particles and their capillary pores were analyzed quantitatively and the porosity was determined to be 9%. The distribution of pores was found to be in a good agreement with the inner and outer product model of Hu et. al., with an inner shell distance of 860 nm. Considering the spatial resolution of the instrument and the volume of sample measured, most pores in this experiment could be characterized as capillary pores.
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