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Publication Detail
Limit theorems for invariant distributions
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Authors:
    Austern M, Orbanz P
  • Publication date:
  • Keywords:
    math.ST, math.ST, math.PR, stat.TH
A distributional symmetry is invariance of a distribution under a group of transformations. Exchangeability and stationarity are examples. We explain that a result of ergodic theory provides a law of large numbers: If the group satisfies suitable conditions, expectations can be estimated by averaging over subsets of transformations, and these estimators are strongly consistent. We show that, if a mixing condition holds, the averages also satisfy a central limit theorem, a Berry-Esseen bound, and concentration. These are extended further to apply to triangular arrays, to randomly subsampled averages, and to a generalization of U-statistics. As applications, we obtain new results on exchangeability, random fields, network models, and a class of marked point processes. We also establish asymptotic normality of the empirical entropy for a large class of processes. Some known results are recovered as special cases, and can hence be interpreted as an outcome of symmetry. The proofs adapt Stein's method.
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