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Publication Detail
Mitochondrial function in type I cells isolated from rabbit arterial chemoreceptors.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Duchen MR, Biscoe TJ
  • Publication date:
    05/1992
  • Pagination:
    13, 31
  • Journal:
    J Physiol
  • Volume:
    450
  • Status:
    Published
  • Country:
    England
  • Print ISSN:
    0022-3751
  • Language:
    eng
  • Keywords:
    Animals, Calcium, Carotid Body, Cells, Cultured, Chemoreceptor Cells, Cyanides, Flavin-Adenine Dinucleotide, Fluorescence, Mitochondria, NADP, Oxygen Consumption, Rabbits
Abstract
1. In this, and the accompanying paper (Duchen & Biscoe, 1992), we test the hypothesis that the oxygen sensitivity of mitochondrial electron transport forms a basis for transduction in the carotid body, the primary peripheral arterial oxygen sensor. We here describe for isolated type I cells the changes in autofluorescence of mitochondrial NAD(P)H that accompany changes in PO2. 2. NAD(P)H autofluorescence (excitation, 340-360 nm; emission peak, 450 nm) increased with anoxia, reflecting a rise in the NAD(P)H/NAD(P) ratio. Graded increases in autofluorescence were seen in response to graded decreases in PO2, suggesting that mitochondrial function is progressively altered below a PO2 of about 60 mmHg. 3. A mitochondrial origin for the NAD(P)H autofluorescence was suggested by the mutual exclusion of the responses to anoxia and cyanide. 4. Oxidized flavoproteins fluoresce when excited at 450 nm with an emission peak at 550 nm. The small signals obtained under these conditions increased with uncoupler and showed a graded decrease with falling PO2 reflecting a rise in the FADH/FAD ratio. 5. Hypoxia raises [Ca2+]i. The hypoxia-induced changes in mitochondrial function were not secondary to this rise. A brief K(+)-induced depolarization leads to a transient increase in [Ca2+]i. At the same time there is a rapid decrease in NAD(P)H autofluorescence followed by an increase that far outlasts the rise in [Ca2+]i. This delayed increase in autofluorescence was smaller than was the increase with anoxia, even though K(+)-induced depolarization raised [Ca2+]i more than does anoxia. In Ca(2+)-free solutions the depolarization-induced changes were abolished, while those associated with hypoxia were maintained. 6. The changes of autofluorescence with K(+)-induced depolarization appear to reflect (i) oxidation of NAD(P)H by stimulation of respiration following mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake and (ii) reduction of NAD(P) by the Ca(2+)-dependent activation of mitochondrial dehydrogenases. This activation could last several minutes following only 100 ms depolarization, while the changes accompanying hypoxia closely followed the time course of the change in PO2. 7. In similarly isolated rat or mouse chromaffin cells and mouse dorsal root ganglion neurons under identical conditions, no measurable change in autofluorescence or in [Ca2+]i was seen until the PO2 fell below about 5 mmHg. 8. Carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxy-phenylhydrazone (FCCP) increases O2 consumption, oxidizing mitochondrial NADH and hence decreasing autofluorescence, (delta FFCCP). Blockade of electron transport by anoxia or CN- decreases O2 consumption, increasing mitochondrial NADH/NAD and autofluorescence (delta FCN). The fractional change in autofluorescence with FCCP, delta FFCCP/delta FFCCP+FCN), is thus a measure of resting O2 consumption.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
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