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Publication Detail
Key function for the CCAAT-binding factor Php4 to regulate gene expression in response to iron deficiency in fission yeast.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal article
  • Publication Sub Type:
    Journal Article
  • Authors:
    Mercier A, Watt S, Bähler J, Labbé S
  • Publication date:
  • Pagination:
    493, 508
  • Journal:
    Eukaryot Cell
  • Volume:
  • Issue:
  • Status:
  • Country:
    United States
  • PII:
  • Language:
  • Keywords:
    Biosynthetic Pathways, CCAAT-Binding Factor, Down-Regulation, Electron Transport, GATA Transcription Factors, Gene Expression Profiling, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Iron, Iron Chelating Agents, Mitochondria, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Schizosaccharomyces, Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
The fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe responds to the deprivation of iron by inducing the expression of the php4+ gene, which encodes a negative regulatory subunit of the heteromeric CCAAT-binding factor. Once formed, the Php2/3/4/5 transcription complex is required to inactivate a subset of genes encoding iron-using proteins. Here, we used a pan-S. pombe microarray to study the transcriptional response to iron starvation and identified 86 genes that exhibit php4+-dependent changes on a genome-wide scale. One of these genes encodes the iron-responsive transcriptional repressor Fep1, whose mRNA levels were decreased after treatment with the permeant iron chelator 2,2'-dipyridyl. In addition, several genes encoding the components of iron-dependent biochemical pathways, including the tricarboxylic acid cycle, mitochondrial respiration, amino acid biosynthesis, and oxidative stress defense, were downregulated in response to iron deficiency. Furthermore, Php4 repressed transcription when brought to a promoter using a yeast DNA-binding domain, and iron deprivation was required for this repression. On the other hand, Php4 was constitutively active when glutathione levels were depleted within the cell. Based on these and previous results, we propose that iron-dependent inactivation of Php4 is regulated at two distinct levels: first, at the transcriptional level by the iron-responsive GATA factor Fep1 and second, at the posttranscriptional level by a mechanism yet to be identified, which inhibits Php4-mediated repressive function when iron is abundant.
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